Are you experiencing pain in your feet or lower limbs? This can provide clues to many related ailments throughout your body. Here is a round-up of what your various pain signals may indicate.

What are the main causes of foot and lower limb pain?

There are many causes of this kind of pain, including:

• Plantar Fasciitis – is a common cause of heel pain

• Injury – such as sprains, breaks and fractures

• Arthritis – inflammation of the joints and other tissues

• Tendinopathy – inflammation of the tendon structures that attach to the bones of your feet (e.g. the Achilles which connects your calf muscle to your feet)

• Medial tibial stress syndrome – Sometimes called shin splints, refers to pain felt anywhere along the shinbone from the knee to the ankle • Sever’s disease – is a common cause of heel pain, particularly in young and physically active people

• Deep vein thrombosis – a blood clot that forms in the veins of the leg

• Sciatica and radiculopathy – sometimes called pinched nerve results in pain in the buttock and leg caused by pressure on nerves in the lower back

• Flat feet, corns, calluses, bunions or a range of other ailments.

What is the best treatment?

No single treatment works for everyone, which is why it is so important to see a podiatrist who can tailor a treatment plan to specifically reflect your needs.

Treatment for pain can be varied and may include pain relief medications. Don’t self-diagnose pain treatment, please see a podiatrist.

Where swelling and inflammation is the cause of pain, ice packs, strapping and stretching can also form part of your treatment plan.

For biomechanical issues, such as flat feet or bunions, orthotics may be prescribed as part of a wider treatment plan.

Given the complexity of ailments affecting the feet and lower limbs, your podiatrist can prescribe the treatment most suited to your needs.


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